Videnskabsteori, epistemologi og evidensbaseret praksis

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Følgende citater er et udvalg af citater fra vores foredrag om videnskabsteori, epistemologi og evidensbaseret praksis som er en del af Smertespecialisternes tredie kursus i kursusrækken, som er om Neurovidenskabelig smertemodulation. Citaterne bliver brugt som en metode til at konceptualisere videnskabsteori, epistemologi og evidensbaseret praksis.

Videnskab bliver i Den Store Danske Encyklopædi beskrevet som:

“Videnskab, almen betegnelse for systematiske metoder til at frembringe, ordne og udbrede viden og kunnen samt resultaterne af denne aktivitet og de organisationsformer og administrative enheder (som fag og discipliner), hvorunder den foregår. Den viden og kunnen, der er videnskabelig, rækker ud over etableret lærdom, dvs. hvad der er almindeligt accepteret, og hvad der umiddelbart kan forstås eller iagttages. Den fokuserer på ny erkendelse skabt gennem forskning”

Følgende citater er fra Smertespecialisternes foredrag om videnskabsteori, epistemologi og evidensbaseret praksis:

“Science is just the attempt to understand, explain, and predict the world we live in” Professor Samir Okasha

“There is nothing magical about science. It is simply a systematic way for carefully and thoroughly observing nature and using consistent logic to evaluate results” Dr. Steven Novella, MD

“Science does not purvey absolute truth, science is a mechanism. It’s a way of trying to improve your knowledge of nature, it’s a system for testing your thoughts against the universe and seeing whether they match.” Professor Isaac Asimov

“Science is not a body of knowledge nor a system of belief, it is just a term which describes humankind’s incremental acquisition of understanding through observation.” Tim Minchin

“If you base medicine on science, you cure people. If you base the design of planes on science, they fly. If you base the design of rockets on science, they reach the moon. It works, bitches” Professor Richard Dawkins

“The first principle of science is that you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest person to fool” Richard P. Feynman

“Science is a system of methods that seeks to compensate for the failings of human thinking, perception, and memory” Dr. Steven Novella, MD

“Evidence-based medicine (EBM) can be seen as a combination of three skills by which practitioners become aware of, critically analyze, and then apply the best available evidence from the medical research literature for the care of individual patients.” Essential Evidence-based Medicine, 2nd Edition, 2009.

“EBM requires clinical expertise for producing and interpreting evidence, performing clinical skills, and integrating the best research evidence with patient values and circumstances.” The Philosophy of Evidence-based Medicine, BMJ Books, 2011.

“To sum up, experience alone is usually an insufficient tool for detecting small and large effects. Hence, the EBM movement is correct to place clinical expertise (as general clinical judgment) at the bottom of the hierarchy. Where high-quality comparative clinical trials  do exist, data should trump the judgment of experts in diagnostic, prognostic, and therapeutic predictions” Dr. Jeremy H. Howick, PhD

“Science has limitations, but it is the best we have for discovering reality.” Jamie Hale

“Science is much more than a body of knowledge. It is a way of thinking. This is central to its success. Science invites us to let the facts in, even when they don’t conform to our preconceptions.” Carl Sagan

“Understood more broadly, epistemology is about issues having to do with the creation and dissemination of knowledge in particular areas of inquiry.” Stanford University, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy