Flere definitioner på smerte…

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Forskellige definitioner på smerte fra smerteeksperter, og IASP

“Pain is an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage, or described interms of such damage” The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP)

“Pain is a distressing experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage with sensory, emotional, cognitive, and social components.” From “Updating the definition of pain” Williams et al. 2016

“Pain can be conceptualised as a conscious correlate of the implicit perception that tissue is in danger” Lorimer Moseley, Professor of Clinical Neurosciences andChair in Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, University of South Australia

“Pain is whatever the experiencing person says it is, existing whenever the experiencing person says it does” Margo McCaffery

“Pain, like the body image, is created in the brain and projected onto the body” V.S. Ramachandran, Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and Distinguished Professor with the Psychology Department and Neurosciences Program at the University of California, San Diego

“Pain is an unpleasant conscious experience that emerges from the brain when the sum of all the available information suggests that you need to protect a particular part of your body” Lorimer Moseley, Professor of Clinical Neurosciences and Chair in Physiotherapy, School ofHealth Sciences, University of South Australia

“Pain is an opinion on the organism’s state of health rather than a mere reflective response to an injury. There is no direct hotline from pain receptors to ‘pain centers’ in the brain” V.S.Ramachandran, Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and Distinguished Professor with the Psychology Department and Neurosciences Program at the University of California, San Diego

“Pain is a multidimensional experience which requires a multidimensional intervention.” Dr. Derek Griffin, PhD

“Pain is a multiple system output, activated by an individual’s specific pain neural signature. The neural signature is activated whenever the brain perceives a threat.” Adriaan Louw, PT, PhD

“Pain is a perception. It is a judgment your mind makes after taking in all possible factors. Danger messages from your body tissues (called ‘nociception’) are a sensations, it is only one piece of information that your mind uses in making its judgment about pain.” Dr. Jason Silvernail, DPT

“Pain is a protective perceptual response shaped by contextual, psychological, and sensory inputs that suggest danger to the body. Sensory cues suggesting that a body part is moving toward a painful position may credibly signal the threat and thereby modulate pain.” Lorimer Moseley, Professor of Clinical Neurosciences and Chair in Physiotherapy, School ofHealth Sciences, University of South Australia

“Pain is a reflection of one’s subconscious appraisal of the degree of threat.
 
It is not a measure of actual tissue damage.


” Dr. Derek Griffin, PhD

“Pain is an output of the brain based on its opinion of a perceived threat to the body. However, pain can be poorly correlated with the actual tissue conditions of the body. Most pain becomes present when a physical and/or mentalstimulus is decided to be particularly threatening to the body based onexperiences, culture, beliefs, expectations, and context. If you are able tocalm the brain by changing your level of threat (in part by changing howyou understand your pain) then even difficult chronic pain can be successfullytreated.” Matthew Danziger

“Pain is not simply the end product of a linear sensory transmission system; it is a dynamic process that involves continuous interactions among complex ascending and descending systems. The neuromatrix theory guides us away from the Cartesian concept of pain as a sensation produced by injury, inflammation, or other tissue pathology and toward the concept of pain as a multidimensional experience produced by multiple influences.” Melzack et al. 2013

“Pain is an all-consuming interior experience that threatens to destroy everything except itself and can only be described through metaphor” David Biro

Ref.:
Pain. 2016 Nov;157(11):2420-2423. Updating the definition of pain.Williams AC1, Craig KD.
Melzack R., Katz J. (2013), Pain. WIREs Cogn Sci, 4: 1–15.